On Thursday morning in Washington, scores of journalists and members of the public will attempt to cram into Room 216 of the Hart Senate Office Building to witness what might be the hottest political event in years — the testimony of former FBI director James Comey.

So anticipated is his testimony that CNN has begun a “countdown to Comey” clock. Meanwhile, the main U.S. networks will interrupt their regularly scheduled programs to broadcast what’s expected to be hours of high political drama.

“There’s a lot of questions that have to be answered,” said Democratic Massachusetts Senator Ed Markey.

Comey will be testifying in an open hearing before the Senate intelligence committee, the first time he has given public testimony since U.S. President Donald Trump fired him last month. And what he says could lead to significant ramifications for the president, with possibly more calls for impeachment or more accusations that he broke the law.

  • Comey’s testimony is scheduled to begin at 10 a.m. ET on Thursday, and will be shown live on CBC News Network and cbcnews.ca.

The Senate intelligence committee is just one of a number of committees and agencies, including the FBI, that are investigating whether Russia meddled in the 2016 presidential election, or what’s more politically explosive, whether members of the Trump campaign team co-ordinated efforts with officials from Moscow.

hearing room

Media and members of the public will attempt to cram into Room 216 of the Hart Senate Office Building to witness the testimony of Comey. (Jason Burles/CBC)

“[Comey’s testimony] is very significant,” Democratic Senator Tim Kaine told CBC News. The Senate intelligence committee and the special counsel are investigating “very grave matters,” Kaine said.

“It’s obstruction of justice potentially, it’s espionage potentially, it’s treason, potentially, conflicts of interest, potentially. These are very serious matters and I think Comey’s testimony will probably be really important in terms of basic facts.”

Republican Senator Ted Cruz, when asked what he hoped to hear at the committee, was much more guarded, simply stating that he, like others, looks forward to Comey’s testimony.

“I think investigations should be driven by the facts and not anonymous leaks in newspapers,” he told CBC News. “So hopefully this hearing makes some positive steps towards developing the facts.”

Tim Kaine

Democratic Senator Tim Kaine says Comey’s testimony concerns ‘very grave matters.’ (Jason Burles/CBC)

Among those anonymous leaks is the most potentially damaging allegation against Trump, that he may have asked Comey to drop his investigation into the president’s former national security adviser Michael Flynn. This, some suggest, could be considered obstruction of justice. 

“If he confirms that the president tried to obstruct justice, it will be a bombshell,” Democratic New York Senator Richard Blumenthal told CBC News.

For his part, Trump has vehemently denied that he was in any way involved in colluding with Russia to meddle in the election. And the White House has denied that Trump made any attempt to thwart Comey’s investigation.

angus king

Independent Senator Angus King, who is on the intelligence committee, said that Comey’s testimony could be limited by requests from former FBI director Robert Mueller, now a special counsel conducting his own investigation. (Jason Burles/CBC)

Independent Senator Angus King, who is on the intelligence committee, cautioned that Comey’s testimony could be tempered by requests from former FBI director Robert Mueller, who was appointed special counsel by the U.S. Justice Department to look into the Russia-Trump controversy.

“It may be that director Mueller wants to limit the testimony to not prejudice the investigation that’s going on,” he said.

Still, King said he would be surprised if Comey agreed to testify without having something important to say.

The importance of Comey’s testimony will likely be judged on his answers to the following questions.

Did Trump ask Comey to drop the investigation into Flynn?

That, according to Republican Arizona Senator John McCain, is the most important question that Comey needs to answer — whether Trump requested then FBI director Comey to drop his investigation into Flynn. The FBI is reportedly investigating ties between Flynn and Russia.

John McCain

Republican Arizona Senator John McCain said the most important question that needs answering is whether Trump told Comey to drop the investigation into former national security adviser Michael Flynn. (Jason Burles/CBC)

The New York Times reported the existence of a memo, supposedly written by Comey after a meeting he had with Trump in the Oval Office in February. 

“I hope you can let this go,” the president told Comey, according to the memo, the Times reported.

Such a request, some observers say, would at best be considered highly inappropriate, and at worst, obstruction of justice, a criminal act.

The White House denied the report, saying the president never attempted to end any investigation and that the memo was not “a truthful or accurate portrayal of the conversation between the president and Mr. Comey.”

Did Trump ask for a “loyalty pledge”?

Shortly after Trump’s inauguration, the president had a private dinner with the FBI director. At this dinner, according to the New York Times, Trump reportedly asked Comey if he would pledge his loyalty to him. Comey declined, according to the Times, telling Trump “he would always be honest with him, but that he was not ‘reliable’ in the conventional political sense.”

Trump has denied he requested that Comey pledge loyalty.

“No, I didn’t, but I don’t think it would be a bad question to ask,” he told Fox News in an interview “I think loyalty to the country, loyalty to the U.S., is important.”

Does Comey think he was fired as part of an attempt by the president to thwart his investigation?

While Trump had the authority to fire Comey, the timing of his dismissal sparked outrage by many who accused the president of attempting to quash the FBI investigation into possible Russian collusion with the Trump campaign team. 

Trump, in his interview with NBC News Lester Holt, said he fired Comey because he was a “showboat” and a “grandstander” and that the FBI, under his leadership, had been in “turmoil.”

Trump also indicated he dismissed Comey because the “Russia thing with Trump and Russia is a made-up story.”

Did Comey assure the president three times that he was not under investigation?

In Trump’s termination letter to Comey, the president stated: “I greatly appreciate you informing me on three separate occasions that I am not under investigation.”

In an interview with NBC News’s Lester Holt, Trump said that during a dinner with Comey, and in two separate phone calls, Comey had assured him he was not under investigation. Yet, in an interview with CBC’s Matt Kwong, retired FBI agents expressed skepticism, and questioned why someone of Comey’s standing and professional reputation would engage Trump in a conversation that so clearly presents a conflict of interest. 

susan collins

Republican Maine Senator Susan Collins, a member of the intelligence committee, said she wants to know whether Comey assured the president three times that he was not under investigation. (Jason Burles/CBC)

Republican Maine Senator Susan Collins, who is also a member of the Senate intelligence committee, said it will be one of the first questions she asks Comey.

“What was the basis for that if that is an accurate statement? Was he surprised to read that in the letter? What was the context, when did it occur? A lot of questions about that.” 

Why didn’t Comey take his concerns to the Justice Department?

Some have questioned why, if Comey been so concerned about the appropriateness of the requests made by the president, he did not report those concerns to his superiors at the Department of Justice. 

“The question for West Virginians is, ‘If you knew, or you thought that there was obstruction of justice, why didn’t you act on it?” Democratic Senator Joe Manchin, a member of the intelligence panel, told CBS News. “What were his concerns, and if there were deeper concerns, why wasn’t anything done at that time?”