Sen. Bob Menendez’s defense rested its case in his corruption and bribery trial Monday after the ninth week.
The New Jersey Democrat is accused of accepting a plethora of donations and gifts from a wealthy friend in exchange for political influence. Both Menendez and the doctor, Salomon Melgen, have maintained their innocence.
The defense’s efforts to declare a mistrial were also squashed on Monday. The defense had also previously unsuccessfully attempted to persuade U.S. District Judge William Walls to dismiss the case based on a 2016 Supreme Court ruling which outlined a stricter definition of what an “official act” is. The defense argued that the allegations against Menendez do not meet that narrower definition.
But Walls allowed the case to continue.
It’s the first time in nine years that a sitting U.S. senator is facing a federal bribery charge.
What is Menendez accused of?
Menendez, 63, accepted an abundance of campaign donations, gifts and vacations from Salomon Melgen, a Florida ophthalmologist. In return, Menendez used his position to lobby on behalf of Melgen’s business interests, according to prosecutors.
Melgen allegedly directed more than $750,000 in campaign contributions to entities that supported Menendez, according to the indictment, which prosecutors said were inducements to get Menendez to use his influence on Melgen’s behalf. Prosecutors have also accused Menendez of trying to hide the gifts.
Melgen paid for Menendez and his girlfriend to stay for three nights at a Parisian hotel where rooms typically cost about $1,500 per night and allowed the senator the use of his private jet, according to prosecutors.
Federal prosecutors said that Menendez “sold his office for a lifestyle that he couldn’t afford.”
The indictment also alleged that Menendez pressured State Department officials to give visas to three young women described as Melgen’s girlfriends.
What is the senator’s defense?
Both Menendez and Melgen have pleaded not guilty – and Menendez has vehemently denied the accusations against him.
Throughout the trial, defense attorneys sought to prove that Menendez and Melgen have been friends since before the former became a senator, and the trips were nothing more than friends traveling together.
At times emotional, Menendez has maintained his innocence throughout the trial.
What has happened in the trial so far?
Defense attorney Raymond Brown got into a spat with U.S. District Court Judge William H. Walls at the start of the trial. Brown accused Walls of being “extremely prejudicial to the defense.”
Walls had denied Menendez’s request that the trial be recessed during critical Senate votes, stating that his job should not be treated differently from that of a construction worker or cab driver.
The trial has also focused on a meeting former Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., set up with Menendez and former Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius to discuss a nearly $9 million Medicaid billing dispute.
Sebelius testified in court this week that the incident was the first time in her role in government that she was asked by a senator to take a meeting with another senator. She said that Melgen wasn’t specifically mentioned in the meeting but that she assumed his case was the topic.
Prosecutors didn’t call Reid to testify before it rested its case on Oct. 11.
Walls declined to throw the case out despite the defense’s objections that the accusations against Menendez didn’t fit the narrow definition of bribery that was a result of a 2016 Supreme Court decision.
Menendez also had a little help from his friends.
Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., arrived at the Newark courthouse last week to testify as a “character witness” for the Democratic senator, Graham’s office confirmed. He testified about his experiences with Menendez in the Senate, “unrelated to the underlying charges,” his office said.
“In very difficult circumstances he always keeps his word,” Graham, said during his testimony. “A handshake is all you need from Bob. He’s a very honest, hardworking senator.”
Sen. Corey Booker, D-N.J., has also appeared in support of Menendez. Booker has attended the hearing to support his colleague before.
Menendez was also emotional when he was asked by reporters about his colleagues’ support.
Is there anything else to know about Salomon Melgen?
Melgen, 63, was convicted of 67 counts of health care fraud in April in what the Palm Beach Post called one of the biggest Medicare fraud cases in the U.S.
During that case, prosecutors argued that Melgen, who was born in the Dominican Republic, robbed Medicare of as much as $105 million, according to the newspaper. His sentencing has been delayed until after this trial.
Aside from Menendez, Melgen has given significant amounts of money to a variety of Democratic lawmakers, according to public records.
What happens if Menendez is convicted?
If Menendez is convicted and goes to prison, Gov. Chris Christie, R-N.J., would pick a replacement.
That prospect is troublesome for Democrats who fear that Christie would pick a Republican to fill the Senate seat – giving the GOP an additional edge for legislative fights.
Vice President Mike Pence has said that it would be “altogether inappropriate and wrong” for a convicted felon to remain in the Senate. However, he said it would be a decision left up to the Senate if Menendez didn’t resign.
Menendez is up for reelection next year. He was selected to replace former Gov. Jon Corzine, D-N.J., in the Senate in 2005.
The most serious charges against the two men carries a maximum 20-year prison sentence.
Fox News’ Tara Prindiville and The Associated Press contributed to this report.